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Referenser

1. Subbe CP, Kruger M, Rutherford P, et al. Validation of a modified Early Warning Score in medical admissions. QJM 2001;94(10):521-6

2. Smith GB, Prytherch DR, Schmidt P, et al. Hospital-wide physiological surveillance-a new approach to the early identification and management of the sick patient. Resuscitation 2006;71(1):19-28.

3. Gao H, McDonnell A, Harrison DA, et al. Systematic review and evaluation of physiological track and trigger warning systems for identifying at-risk patients on the ward. Intensive Care Med 2007;33(4):667-79.

4. Groarke JD, Gallagher J, Stack J, et al. Use of an admission early warning score to predict patient morbidity and mortality and treatment success. Emerg Med J 2008;25(12):803-6.

5. Jansen JO, Cuthbertson BH. Detecting critical illness outside the ICU: the role of track and trigger systems. Curr Opin Crit Care 2010;16(3):184-90.

6. Royal College of Physicians. National Early Warning Score (NEWS): Standardising the assessment of acute illness severity in the NHS. Report of a working party. London, 2012.

7. Royal College of Physicians. National Early Warning Score (NEWS) 2: Standardising the assessment of acute-illness severity in the NHS. Updated report of a working party. London, 2017

8. Smith GB, Prytherch DR, Meredith P, et al. The ability of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) to discriminate patients at risk of early cardiac arrest, unanticipated intensive care unit admission, and death. Resuscitation 2013;84(4):465-70.

9. Badriyah T, Briggs JS, Meredith P, et al. Decision-tree early warning score (DTEWS) validates the design of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS). Resuscitation 2014;85(3):418-23.

10. Kovacs C, Jarvis SW, Prytherch DR, et al. Comparison of the National Early Warning Score in non-elective medical and surgical patients. Br J Surg 2016;103(10):1385-93.

11. Spangfors M, Arvidsson L, Karlsson V, et al. The National Early Warning Score: Translation, testing and prediction in a Swedish setting. Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2016;37:62-67.

12. Singer M, Deutschman CS, Seymour CW, et al. The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3). JAMA 2016;315(8):801-10.

13. Brink M, Cronqvist J, Fagerberg A, et al. [New definition of and diagnostic criteria for sepsis - Swedish use of Sepsis-3]. Lakartidningen 2018;115: E3W9

14. Redfern OC, Smith GB, Prytherch DR, Meredith P, Inada-Kim M, Schmid PE. A Comparison of the Quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment Score and the National Early Warning Score in Non-ICU Patients With/Without Infection. Critical Care Med, 2018. Aug 20. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30130262

15. McGloin H, Adam SK, Singer M. Unexpected deaths and referrals to intensive care of patients on general wards. Are some cases potentially avoidable? J R Coll Physicians Lond. 1999;33(3):255-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10402575

16. An Acute Problem? London: National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD); 2005 [hämtad sept 2017]

17. McQuillan P, Pilkington S, Allan A, Taylor B, Short A, Morgan G, et al. Confidential inquiry into quality of care before admission to intensive care. Bmj. 1998;316(7148):1853-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9632403

18. Rhodes A, Evans LE, Alhazzani W, Levy MM, Antonelli M, Ferrer R, et al. Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2016. Intensive Care Med. 2017;43(3):304-77 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28101605

19. Kumar A, Roberts D, Wood KE, Light B, Parrillo JE, Sharma S, et al. Duration of hypotension before initiation of effective antimicrobial therapy is the critical determinant of survival in human septic shock. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(6):1589-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16625125

20. Schein RM, Hazday N, Pena M, Ruben BH, Sprung CL. Clinical antecedents to in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. Chest. 1990;98(6):1388-92. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2245680

21. Cardiac Arrest Procedures: Time to Intervene? London: National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD); 2012 [hämtad sept 2017]

22. Bunkenborg G, Samuelson K, Poulsen I, Ladelund S, Akeson J. Lower incidence of unexpected in-hospital death after interprofessional implementation of a bedside track-and-trigger system. Resuscitation. 2014;85(3):424-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24321322

23. Chen J, Ou L, Flabouris A, Hillman K, Bellomo R, Parr M. Impact of a standardized rapid response system on outcomes in a large healthcare jurisdiction. Resuscitation. 2016;107:47-56. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27507434

24. Ludikhuize J, Brunsveld-Reinders AH, Dijkgraaf MG, Smorenburg SM, de Rooij SE, Adams R, et al. Outcomes Associated With the Nationwide Introduction of Rapid Response Systems in The Netherlands. Crit Care Med. 2015;43(12):2544-51. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26317569

25. Maharaj R, Raffaele I, Wendon J. Rapid response systems: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care. 2015;19:254. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26070457

26. Andersen LW, Kim WY, Chase M, Berg KM, Mortensen SJ, Moskowitz A, et al. The prevalence and significance of abnormal vital signs prior to in-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2016;98:112-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26362486

27. Smith GB, Prytherch DR, Jarvis S, et al. A Comparison of the Ability of the Physiologic Components of Medical Emergency Team Criteria and the U.K. National Early Warning Score to Discriminate Patients at Risk of a Range of Adverse Clinical Outcomes. Crit Care Med 2016;44(12):2171-81.

28. Smith GB, Prytherch DR, Schmidt PE, et al. Review and performance evaluation of aggregate weighted 'track and trigger' systems. Resuscitation 2008;77(2):170-9.

29. Prytherch DR, Smith GB, Schmidt PE, et al. ViEWS--Towards a national early warning score for detecting adult inpatient deterioration. Resuscitation 2010;81(8):932-7.

30. Jarvis S, Kovacs C, Briggs J, et al. Aggregate National Early Warning Score (NEWS) values are more important than high scores for a single vital signs parameter for discriminating the risk of adverse outcomes. Resuscitation 2015;87:75-80.

31. Silcock DJ, Corfield AR, Gowens PA, et al. Validation of the National Early Warning Score in the prehospital setting. Resuscitation 2015;89:31-5.

32. Jo S, Yoon J, Lee JB, et al. Predictive value of the National Early Warning Score-Lactate for mortality and the need for critical care among general emergency department patients. J Crit Care 2016;36:60-68.

33. Alam N, Vegting IL, Houben E, et al. Exploring the performance of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) in a European emergency department. Resuscitation 2015;90:111-5.

34. Keep JW, Messmer AS, Sladden R, et al. National early warning score at Emergency Department triage may allow earlier identification of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock: a retrospective observational study. Emerg Med J 2016;33(1):37-41.

35. Bilben B, Grandal L, Sovik S. National Early Warning Score (NEWS) as an emergency department predictor of disease severity and 90-day survival in the acutely dyspneic patient - a prospective observational study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2016;24:80.

36. Eccles SR, Subbe C, Hancock D, et al. CREWS: improving specificity whilst maintaining sensitivity of the National Early Warning Score in patients with chronic hypoxaemia. Resuscitation 2014;85(1):109-11.

37. Hodgson LE, Dimitrov BD, Congleton J, et al. A validation of the National Early Warning Score to predict outcome in patients with COPD exacerbation. Thorax 2017;72(1):23-30.

38. O'Driscoll BR, Howard LS, Earis J, et al. BTS guideline for oxygen use in adults in healthcare and emergency settings. Thorax 2017;72(Suppl 1):ii1-ii90.

39. Buist M, Bernard S, Nguyen TV, Moore G, Anderson J. Association between clinically abnormal observations and subsequent in-hospital mortality: a prospective study. Resuscitation. 2004;62(2):137-41. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15294398

40. Goldhill DR, McNarry AF. Physiological abnormalities in early warning scores are related to mortality in adult inpatients. Br J Anaesth. 2004;92(6):882-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15064245

41. Kause J, Smith G, Prytherch D, Parr M, Flabouris A, Hillman K. A comparison of antecedents to cardiac arrests, deaths and emergency intensive care admissions in Australia and New Zealand, and the United Kingdom--the ACADEMIA study. Resuscitation. 2004;62(3):275-82. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15325446

42. Friman O, Bell M, Djärv T, Hvarfner A. Jäderling G. National Early Warning Score vs Rapid Response Team criteria-Prevalence, misclassification, and outcome. Acta anaesthesiol Scand. 2018 Aug 20. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30125348

43. Nguyen OK, Makam AN, Clark C, et al. Vital Signs Are Still Vital: Instability on Discharge and the Risk of Post-Discharge Adverse Outcomes. J Gen Intern Med 2017;32(1):42-48.

44. Thim T, Krarup NH, Grove EL, et al. Initial assessment and treatment with the Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability, Exposure (ABCDE) approach. Int J Gen Med 2012;5:117-21.

Regelverk

SFS 2010:659. Patientsäkerhetslag. Stockholm: Socialdepartementet.

SFS 2014:821. Patientlag. Stockholm: Socialdepartementet.

SFS 2017:30. Hälso- och sjukvårdslag. Stockholm: Socialdepartementet.

SOSFS 2011:7. Livsuppehållande behandling Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen. (Ändringsförfattning HSLF-FS 2017:26).

Revideringsdatum:
2018-10-24
Manusförfattare:
Martin Spångfors, intensivvårdssjuksköterska,VO Anestesi, OP, IVA Centralsjukhuset Kristianstad , doktorand vid Medicinska fakulteten Lunds universitet
Faktagranskare:
Andreas Hvarfner, Överläkare, Med Dr, Funktion Perioperativ Medicin och Intensivvård, Karolinska universitetssjukhuset, Stockholm
Therese Djärv, docent, specialistläkare i internmedicin och akutsjukvård, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset, Stockholm