Referenser och regelverk

    Innehållet är grundat på beprövad erfarenhet, lagar, regelverk, nationella riktlinjer och med stöd från relevanta vetenskapliga studier.  


    1. Dorland WAN. Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 32. ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier/Saunders; 2012.
    2. Docherty B, Bench S. Tracheostomy management for patients in general ward settings. Prof Nurse. 2002;18(2):100-4.
    3. Russell C, Harkin H. The benefits of tracheostomy specialist nurses. Nurs Times. 2001;97(46):40-1.
    4. Russell C, Matta B. Tracheostomy : a multiprofessional handbook. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2004.
    5. Paul F. Tracheostomy care and management in general wards and community settings: literature review. Nurs Crit Care. 2010;15(2):76-85.
    6. Lindholm C-E. Selecting a Tracheostomy Tube: Current Options. In: Johnson JT, Myers EN, editors. Tracheotomy : airway management, communication, and swallowing. San Diego: Plural Pub; 2007. 2nd. ed;
    7. Andersson G. The Swedish modification of the tracheostomy tube to permit speech. Paraplegia. 1993;31(4):203-6.
    8. Feber T. Tracheostomy care for community nurses: basic principles. Br J Community Nurs. 2006;11(5):186, 8-90, 92-3.
    9. Björling G, Belin AL, Hellström C, Schedin U, Ransjö U, Alenius M, et al. Tracheostomy inner cannula care: a randomized crossover study of two decontamination procedures. Am J Infect Control. 2007;35(9):600-5.
    10. Björling G. Long-term tracheostomy : outcome, cannula care and material wear. 2007;
    11. Harris RB. National survey of aseptic tracheotomy care techniques in hospitals with head and neck/ENT surgical departments. Cancer Nurs. 1984;7(1):23-32.
    12. Harris RB, Hyman RB. Clean vs. sterile tracheotomy care and level of pulmonary infection. Nurs Res. 1984;33(2):80-5.
    13. Woodrow P. Managing patients with a tracheostomy in acute care. Nurs Stand. 2002;16(44):39-46.
    14. Serra A. Tracheostomy care. Nurs Stand. 2000;14(42):45-52.
    15. Wilson M. Tracheostomy management. Paediatr Nurs. 2005;17(3):38-43.
    16. Fernandez R, Griffiths R. Water for wound cleansing. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;2:
    17. Kollef MH, Ahrens TS, Shannon W. Clinical predictors and outcomes for patients requiring tracheostomy in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 1999;27(9):1714-20.
    18. Kumar M, Jaffery A, Jones M. Short-term complications of percutaneous tracheostomy: experience of a district general hospital--otolaryngology department. J Laryngol Otol. 2002;116(12):1025-7.
    19. Onakoya PA, Nwaorgu OG, Adebusoye LA. Complications of classical tracheostomy and management. Trop Doct. 2003;33(3):148-50.
    20. Walz MK, Peitgen K, Thurauf N, Trost HA, Wolfhard U, Sander A, et al. Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy--early results and long-term outcome of 326 critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med. 1998;24(7):685-90.
    21. Heffner JE. Tracheotomy application and timing. Clin Chest Med. 2003;24(3):389-98.
    22. Sherman JM, Davis S, Albamonte-Petrick S, Chatburn RL, Fitton C, Green C, et al. Care of the child with a chronic tracheostomy. This official statement of the American Thoracic Society was adopted by the ATS Board of Directors, July 1999. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000;161(1):297-308.
    23. Harlid R, Andersson G, Frostell CG, Jorbeck HJ, Ortqvist AB. Respiratory tract colonization and infection in patients with chronic tracheostomy. A one-year study in patients living at home. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996;154(1):124-9.

    Övriga referenser


    Till toppen av sidan