Referenser och regelverk

    Innehållet är grundat på beprövad erfarenhet, lagar, regelverk, nationella riktlinjer och med stöd från relevanta vetenskapliga studier.  

    Nedanstående referenser gäller generellt för texterna i ämnet

    1. Huynh D, Lee O, An P, Ens T, Mannion C,. Bedrails and Falls in Nursing Homes: A Systematic Review. Clin Nurs Res. 2021;30(1):5-11.
    2. Hanger H C. Low-Impact Flooring: Does It Reduce Fall-Related Injuries?. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2017;18(7):588-591.
    3. Toye C, Slatyer S, Kitchen S, Ingram K, Bronson M, Edwards D et al. Bed Moves, Ward Environment, Staff Perspectives and Falls for Older People with High Falls Risk in an Acute Hospital: A Mixed Methods Study. Clin Interv Aging. 2019;14:2223-2237.
    4. Wiggermann N, Smith K, Kumpar D. What Bed Size Does a Patient Need? The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Space Required to Turn in Bed. Nurs Res. 2017;66(6):483-489.
    5. Ghersi I, Mariño N, Miralles M. Smart medical beds in patient-care environments of the twenty-first century: a state-of-art survey. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2018;18(1):63.
    6. McInnes E1, Jammali-Blasi A, Bell-Syer SE, Dumville JC, Middleton V, Cullum N. Support surfaces for pressure ulcer prevention. Database Syst Rev. 2018;3(9):CD001735.
    7. European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel and Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance Pressure: Prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers/injuries: Clinical practice guideline. The international guideline. Emily Haesler (Ed). EPUAP/ NPIAP/ PPPIA: Kapitel 10: Support surface; 2019.
    8. Shi C, Dumville JC, Cullum N, Rhodes S, McInnes E, Goh EL et al. Beds, overlays and mattresses for preventing and treating pressure ulcers: an overview of Cochrane Reviews and network meta-analysis. Coch Data Syst Rev. 2021;8(8):CD013761.
    9. Nixon J, Brown S, Smith IL, McGinnis E, Vargas-Palacios A, Nelson EA, Brown J et al. Comparing alternating pressure mattresses and high-specification foam mattresses to prevent pressure ulcers in high-risk patients: the pressure 2 RCT. Health Technol Assess. 2019;23(52):1-176.
    10. Shi C, Dumville J, Cullum N, Rhodes S, McInnes E. Foam surfaces for preventing pressure ulcers. Coch Database Syst Rev. 2021;5(5):CD013621.
    11. Serraes B, Beeckman D. Static Air Support Surfaces to Prevent Pressure Injuries: A Multicenter Cohort Study in Belgian Nursing Homes. J Wound Osto Cont Nurs. 2016;43(4):375-8.
    12. Raepsaet C, Zwaenepoel E, Manderlier B, Van Damme N, Verhaeghe, S, Van Hecke A et al. A Fully Automated Pulsating Support System for Pressure Injury Prevention and Treatment in 10 Belgium Nursing Homes: An Observational Study. J Wound Osto Cont Nurs. 2021;48(2):115-123.
    13. Saegusa M, Noguchi H, Nakagami G, Mori T, Sanada H. Evaluation of comfort associated with the use of a robotic mattress with an interface pressure mapping system and automatic inner air-cell pressure adjustment function in healthy volunteers. J Tissue Viab. 2018;27(3):146-152.
    14. Gunningberg L, Sedin IM, Andersson S, Pingel R. Pressure mapping to prevent pressure ulcers in a hospital setting: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2017;72:53-59.
    15. Hultin L, Olsson E, Carli C, Gunningberg L. Pressure Mapping in Elderly Care: A Tool to Increase Pressure Injury Knowledge and Awareness Among Staff. J Wound Ost Cont Nurs. 2017;44(2):142-147.
    16. Lustig M, Gefen A. Computational studies of the biomechanical efficacy of a minimum tissue deformation mattress in protecting from sacral pressure ulcers in a supine position. Int Wound J. 2022;19(5):1111-1120.
    17. Tenenbaum S, Shabshin N, Levy A, Herman A, Gefen A. Effects of foot posture and heel padding devices on soft tissue deformations under the heel in supine position in males: MRI studies. Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(8):1149-56.
    18. Girolami S, Moore A, Haper C, Betts C, Woodward T. A prospective, observational study of high-specification foam immersion surfaces used in populations at high risk for pressure ulcers. Osto Wound Man. 2014;60(8):30-9.
    19. Hooker E. Hospital mattress failures-A hidden patient danger. Infect Control Hosp Epi. 2021;13:1-3.
    20. Marks B, De Haas E, Abbound T, Lam I , Datta I. Uncovering the Rates of Damaged Patient Bed and Stretcher Mattresses in Canadian Acute Care Hospitals. Can J Infect Contr. 2018;33(3):171-17516.
    21. Laidlaw M, Mcdowall-Laing S, Mclean P, Milnes J. Strikethrough Resistant Technology™: a possible solution to mattress audit failures. Wounds UK. 2015;11(3):72-77.
    22. Dancer S. Controlling hospital-acquired infection: focus on the role of the environment and new technologies for decontamination. Clin Micro Rev. 2014;27(4:665-690.
    23. Boyle M A, Kearney A, Carlina P C, Humphreys H. Off the Rails': Hospital Bed Rail Design, Contamination, and the Evaluation of Their Microbial Ecology. J Hosp Infect. 2019;103 (1):e16-e22.
    24. Creamer E, Humphreys H. The Contribution of Beds to Healthcare-Associated Infection: The Importance of Adequate Decontamination. J Hosp Infect. 2008;69 (1):8-23.
    25. Cohen B, Liu J, Cohen AR, Larsson E. Association between healthcare-associated infection and exposure to hospital roommates and previous bed occupants with the same organism. Infect Control & Hosp Epi. 2018;39(5):541-546.
    26. Afle FCD, Agbankpe AJ, Johnson RC, Houngbégnon O, Houssou SC, Bankole HS. Healthcare-associated infections: bacteriological characterization of the hospital surfaces in the University Hospital of Abomey-Calavi/so-ava in South Benin (West Africa). BMC Infect Dis. 2019;19(1):28.
    27. Viana REH, Santos SGD, Oliveira AC. Recovery of resistant bacteria from mattresses of patients under contact precautions. Am J Infect Control. 2016;44(4):465-9.
    28. Facciolà A, Pellicanò GF, Visalli G, Paolucci IA, Venanzi Rullo E, Ceccarelli M et al. The role of the hospital environment in the healthcare-associated infections: a general review of the literature. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2019;23(3):1266-1278.
    29. Yu M, Cross K, Petrich A, Fish J. Crib Mattress Investigation: A Quality Improvement Study to Assess Mattress Cover Permeability and Bacterial Growth in Crib Mattresses. Am J Infect Control. 2016;44(7):837-9.
    30. Hignett S, Sands G, Fray M, Xanthopoulou P, Healey F, Griffiths P. Which bed designs and patient characteristics increase bed rail use?. Age and Ageing. 2013;42(4):531-535.
    31. GOV.UK. Bed rails: management and safe use: Guidance on managing and using bed rails safely. GOV.UK; 2020 [uppdaterad 2023-05-17; citerad 2023-06-17].
    32. Socialstyrelsen. Tvångs- och skyddsåtgärder inom vård och omsorg för vuxna – Meddelandeblad (pdf). Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen; 2013.
    33. Palese A, Longhini J, Businarolo A, Piccin T, Pitacco G. Between Restrictive and Supportive Devices in the Context of Physical Restraints: Findings from a Large Mixed-Method Study Design. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(23):12764.
    34. Socialstyrelsen. Din skyldighet att informera och göra patienten delaktig. Handbok för vårdgivare, chefer och personal (pdf). Socialstyrelsen; 2015.
    35. Socialstyrelsen. Patientens delaktighet: samlat stöd för patientsäkerhet. Socialstyrelsen; 2020 [uppdaterad 2023-03-22; citerad 2023-06-17].
    36. SFS 2014:821. Patientlag. Stockholm: Socialdepartementet
    37. Salehi Z, Najafi Ghezeljeh T, Hajibabaee F, Joolaee S. Factors behind ethical dilemmas regarding physical restraint for critical care nurses. Nursing ethics. 2020;27(2):598-608.
    38. O´Keeffe ST. Bedrails rise again?. Age and Ageing. 2013;42(4):426-427.
    39. Thomann S, Zwakhalen S, Richter D, Bauer S, Hahn S. Restraint use in the acute-care hospital setting: A cross-sectional multi-centre study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2021;114:103807.
    40. Talerico KA1, Capezuti E. Myths and facts about side rails. Am J Nurs. 2001;101(7):43-8.
    41. Abraham J, Hirt J, Richter C, Köpke S, Meyer G, Möhler R. Interventions for preventing and reducing the use of physical restraints of older people in general hospital settings. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 2022;8(8):CDO12476.
    42. Fridman V. Redesigning a Fall Prevention Program in Acute Care: Building on Evidence. Clinics in geriatric medicine. 2019;35(2):265-271.
    43. Barker AL, Morello RT, Ayton DR, Hill KD, Brand CA, Livingston PM, et al. Acceptability of the 6-PACK falls prevention program: A pre-implementation study in hospitals participating in a cluster randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2017;12(2):e0172005.
    44. Borges Pereira C, Kozoroski Kanashiro AM. Falls in older adults: a practical approach. Arquivos de Neuropsiquiatria. 2022;80(5):313-323.
    45. Collier M, Potts C, Shaw E. Use of a coverlet system for the management of skin microclimate. Br J Nurs. 2014;23(15):S28, S30-5.
    46. Strader P, Lee Y, Teska P, Li X, Jones JL. Approaches for Characterizing Surfaces Damaged by Disinfection in Healthcare. Nano Life. 2019;9(4):
    47. Lei H, Xiao S, Cowling BJ, Li Y. Hand hygiene and surface cleaning should be paired for prevention of fomite transmission. Indoor air. 2020;30(1):49-59.
    48. Rocha IV, Xavier DE, Almeida KRH, Oliveira SRD, Leal NC. Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clones persist on hospital inanimate surfaces. Braz J Infect Dis. 2018;22(5):438-441.
    49. Hopman J et al. Manual Cleaning of Hospital Mattresses: An Observational Study Comparing High- And Low-Resource Settings. J Hosp Infect. Jan 2016;92(1):14-8.
    50. Hopman J, Nillesen M, Both E, Witte J, Teerenstra S, Hulscher M et al. Mechanical vs. manual cleaning of hospital beds: a prospective intervention study. Hosp Infect. 2015;90(2):142-6.
    51. Suleyman G, Alangaden G, Bardossy AC. The Role of Environmental Contamination in the Transmission of Nosocomial Pathogens and Healthcare-Associated Infections. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2018;20(6):12.


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