Referenser och regelverk


  1. Frykholm P, Pikwer A, Hammarskjold F, Larsson AT, Lindgren S, Lindwall R, et al. Clinical guidelines on central venous catheterisation. Swedish Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2014;58(5):508-24.
  2. Acosta S, Frykholm P, Hammarskjöld F, Larsson AT, Lindgren S, Lindwall R, et al. Central venkateterisering : kliniska riktlinjer och rekommendationer Stockholm: Svensk förening för anestesi och intensivvård (SFAI). Svensk förening för anestesi och intensivvård. 2011;
  3. Att förebygga vårdrelaterade infektioner: ett kunskapsunderlag. Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen; 2006.
  4. Esposito MR, Guillari A, Angelillo IF. Knowledge, attitudes, and practice on the prevention of central line-associated bloodstream infections among nurses in oncological care: A cross-sectional study in an area of southern Italy.. PLoS One.. 2017;12(6):e0180473.:
  5. Velasquez Reyes DC, Bloomer M, Morphet J. Prevention of central venous line associated bloodstream infections in adult intensive care units: A systematic review.. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2017;
  6. Pronovost P. Interventions to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU: the Keystone Intensive Care Unit Project. Am J Infect Control. 2008;36(10):S171 e 1-5.
  7. Gorski LA.. Implementing Home Health Standards in Clinical Practice.. Home Healthc Now.. 2016;34(2):76-85.
  8. Gorski L, Hadaway L, Hagle M, McGoldrick M, Orr M, Doellman D.. Infusion therapy standards of practice.. J Infus Nurs.. 2016;39(Suppl. 1):S1-S159..
  9. Infektioner vid centrala venösa infarter : åtgärder för att förebygga. Stockholm: Sveriges Kommuner och Regioner (SKR); 2011.
  10. Gallieni M, Pittiruti M, Biffi R.. CA Cancer J Clin; 2008.
  11. O'Grady NP, Alexander M, Burns LA, Dellinger EP, Garland J, Heard SO, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;52(9):e:162-63.
  12. Infusion Nurses Society. Infusion nursing: standards of practice. Journal of Infusion Nursing. 2016;39(1S):
  13. Dale M, Higgins A, Carolan-Rees G. Sherlock.. Tip Confirmation System for Placement of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters 3CG((R)). A NICE Medical Technology Guidance. Appl Health Econ Health Policy. 2016;14(1):41-9.
  14. Walker G, Chan RJ, Alexandrou E, Webster J, Rickard C.. Effectiveness of electrocardiographic guidance in CVAD tip placement.. Br J Nurs. 2015;24(14):s14, s6,s8-12.
  15. Storey S, Brown J, Foley A, Newkirk E, Powers J, Barger J, et al.. A comparative evaluation of antimicrobial coated versus nonantimicrobial coated peripherally inserted central catheters on associated outcomes: A randomized controlled trial.. Am J Infect Control. 2016;44(6):636-41.
  16. Förkortningarna CVK och EDK är snarlika : en risk för förväxling. Stockholm.: Socialstsyrelsen; 2008.
  17. Macklin D. Catheter management. Semin Oncol Nurs. 2010;26(2):113-20.
  18. Moureau NL, Flynn J.. Disinfection of Needleless Connector Hubs: Clinical Evidence Systematic Review.. Nurs Res Pract. 2015;
  19. Pittet D, Allegranzi B, Boyce. World Health Organization World Alliance for Patient Safety First Global Patient Safety Challenge Core Group of E. The World Health Organization Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care and their consensus recommendations. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009;30(7):611-22.
  20. Conley SB. Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection Prevention: Standardizing Practice Focused on Evidence-Based Guidelines.. Clin J Oncol Nurs.. 2016;20(1):23-6.
  21. Webster J, Gillies D, O'Riordan E, Sherriff KL, Rickard CM. Gauze and tape and transparent polyurethane dressings for central venous catheters.. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.; 2011.
  22. Kelly LJ, Jones T, Kirkham S.. Needle-free devices: keeping the system closed. Br J Nurs. 2017;26(2):s14-s9.
  23. Douglas L, Aspin A, Jimmeson N, Lawrance V. Central venous access devices: review of practice.. Paediatr Nurs. 2009;21(5):19-22.
  24. Pittiruti M, Hamilton H, Biffi R, MacFie J, Pertkiewicz M. ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: central venous catheters (access, care, diagnosis and therapy of complications).. Clin Nutr. 2009;28(4):365-77.
  25. Goldberg JL. Guideline Implementation: Hand Hygiene. Aorn j. 2017;105(2):203-12.
  26. Kaler W, Chinn R.. Successful Disinfection of Needleless Access Ports: A Matter of Time and Friction.. The Journal of the Association for Vascular Access.. 12(3);140-2:
  27. Elen Hughes M. Reducing PICC migrations and improving patient outcomes.. Br J Nurs. 2014;23(2):s12, s4-8.
  28. Egan GM, Siskin GP, Weinmann Rt, Galloway MM. A prospective postmarket study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new peripherally inserted central catheter stabilization system. J Infus Nurs. 2013;36(3):181-8.
  29. Mitchell MD, Anderson BJ, Williams K, Umscheid CA. Heparin flushing and other interventions to maintain patency of central venous catheters: A systematic review. J Adv Nurs. 2009;65:2007-21.
  30. Adolfsson A, Klefsgård R, Troeng M. Spolning av CVK och subkutan venport med heparin eller enbart NaCl. Malmö: Skånes universitetssjukhus, enheten för HTA; 2013.
  31. Safdar N, Fine JP, Maki DG. Meta-analysis: methods for diagnosing intravascular device-related bloodstream infection. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142(6):451-66.
  32. Li J, Fan YY, Xin MZ, Yan J, Hu W, Huang WH, Lin XL, Qin HY.. A randomised controlled trial comparing the long-term effects of peripherally inserted central catheter placement in chemotherapy patients using B-mode ultrasound with modified Seldinger technique versus blind puncture.. European J of Oncology Nursing. 2014;18:94-103.
  33. Kovacs MJ, Kahn SR, Rodger M, Anderson DR, Andreou R, Mangel JE, et al. A pilot study of central venous catheter survival in cancer patients using low-molecular-weight heparin (dalteparin) and warfarin without catheter removal for the treatment of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (The Catheter Study).. J Thromb Haemost. 2007;5(8):1650-3.
  34. Zwicker JI, Connolly G, Carrier M, Kamphuisen PW, Lee AY. Catheter-associated deep vein thrombosis of the upper extremity in cancer patients: guidance from the SSC of the ISTH.. J Thromb Haemost.. 2014;12(5):796-800.
  35. Mermel LA, Farr BM, Sherertz RJ, Raad, II, O'Grady N, Harris JS, et al.. Guidelines for the management of intravascular catheter-related infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32(9):1249-72.
  36. Mermel LA, Allon M, Bouza E, Craven DE, Flynn P, O'Grady NP, et al.. Clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of intravascular catheter-related infection: 2009 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;49(1):1-45.
  37. Macklin D. Removing a PICC. Am J Nurse. 2000;100(1):52-4.


Till toppen av sidan